The main goal of the RG 4 – Environment and Infectious Diseases – is to address the existing gaps in complex problems involving the influence of the environment in infectious diseases. This can be done by pooling interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary resources, involving national and international institutions (academic and medical centres), European networks and institutions, and Portuguese speaking countries in Africa.
The research focuses on vector borne diseases in its broadest sense, under an integrated approach that includes the entire chain of infection (agent, transmission, vectors, hosts, reservoirs, infection, immunology, diagnosis, treatment and environment), departing from the recognition of the global growing burden of vector borne diseases on Public Health systems.
The climate variation (more specifically the variation of air temperature and humidity), associated with agent-host infectious disease dynamic, and the impact of extreme weather events (heat waves, cold spells and floods), are also addressed, mainly in the development of methods and models to understand and describe the effect of climate on the disease risk.
Portugal has one of the highest prevalence of HIV infection in Europe. This, together with the long-privileged research cooperation with Portuguese speaking countries (Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe, some with the highest level of HIV infection), justifies the investment of research on the infection itself. This includes HIV-2, antiretroviral treatment and associated infections, including tuberculosis (as the most common HIV associated opportunistic infection) and cryptococcal meningitis (a major cause of death among HIV infected patients).
Group leader: Francisco José Nunes Antunes
Team members: Adriana Curado • Ana Cristina Pelerito de Araújo Goncalves • Ana Filipa Marques Alçada Sutre • Anabela Fornelos de Vasconcelos Cavaleiro Madeira • António Duarte Teixeira Afonso Rodrigues • Daniel Fernando da Fonseca Salvador • Dulce Alves Brito • Emilia de Jesus da Encarnação Valadas • Fátima Isabel Falcão Amaro • Fausto José da Conceição Alexandre Pinto • Hugo Costa Osório • Isabel Curralo Lopes de Carvalho • Maria João Pereira Figueira Alves • Maria Margarida Gomes Barbosa Santos Silva Serejo • Maria Sofia Cobra Lince Núncio Soares • Nuno Filipe Antunes Janeiro • Raquel Filipa Pinheiro Sabino • Raquel Maria Santos Chaves • Robert Alfred Badura • Sara Raquel Osório Policarpo • António Vaz Carneiro
1. Caneiras, C., Calisto, F., Jorge da Silva, G., Lito, L., Melo-Cristino, J., & Duarte, A. (2018). First description of colistin and tigecycline-resistant acinetobacter baumannii producing KPC-3 carbapenemase in Portugal. Antibiotics, 7(4).
2. Caneiras, C., Lito, L., Mayoralas-Alises, S., Díaz-Lobato, S., Melo-Cristino, J., & Duarte, A. (2018). Virulence and resistance determinants of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from a Portuguese tertiary university hospital centre over a 31-year period. Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica.
3. Carimo, A. A., Gudo, E. S., Maueia, C., Mabunda, N., Chambal, L., Vubil, A., … Bhatt, N. (2018). First report of occult hepatitis B infection among ART naïve HIV seropositive individuals in Maputo, Mozambique. PLoS One, 13(1), e0190775.
4. Osório, H., Zé-Zé, L., Neto, M., Silva, S., Marques, F., Silva, A., & Alves, M. (2018). Detection of the invasive mosquito species aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Portugal. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(4), 820.